Post #4: Burkina Faso, New Leadership, and Education

Part I (a)

A Cheetah that can be found in Burkina Faso today is a man and his wife named Inoussa Maiga and Nawsheen Hosenally. The two have recently founded a television broadcasting station named Agribusiness TV, and are directing their efforts to providing youth with a positive and attractive perspective towards careers in agriculture and farming. Burkina Faso has a history of having tough-to-work lands that are not very reliable for reaping resources. This makes farming very difficult for many who are in the profession, and gives the country a perspective that farming and its businesses are non-profitable and annoying; farming is not set up to be a worthwhile profession in Burkina Faso. Inoussa and Nawsheen aim to change that. They look for people in the farming business who can inspire others to get involved in agriculture again, especially those in the younger generation. In doing so he also hopes to motivate those who are unsure about getting into agriculture. According to an interview done by Daily Mail UK, Inoussa calls his work “the motor for the development of African economies.” This may be true, but the station’s mission can also stand as a way to attract youth away from Burkina Faso’s rising and dangerous industry of gold mining, which has been the country’s largest source of income in recent times. AgribusinessTV could possibly keep the youth of Burkina Faso safe while simultaneously revitalizing the farming market and providing nutrient-rich foods to the community once again. These resolutions could significantly decrease poverty in some areas of the country, and create an economy with a high possibility of entry for every member of the population.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3777322/Web-TV-aims-boost-youth-African-farming.html

Part I (b)

In terms of democratic ranking, Burkina Faso is growing very quickly. In 2014, the country ousted its then-reigning president Blaise Compaore. Compaore had been sitting in the office for over 30 years, but now with successful protests and coups occurring within the past few years, Burkina Faso has held its first successful free election in 2015. As a result, the country elected President Roch Marc Christian Kabore to the position. After this occurred, many investigations went into finding evidence linking Compaore to assassinations of a journalist and a previous president. Compaore is currently being put under the political system for evidences found against him. New President Kabore has put into effect many new laws that legalizes defamation and create better environments and conditions for women.

Freedom House currently rates Burkina Faso with a 3.5 “freedom rating”, which is a significant jump from its rating of 6 from the previous year. The country is Partly Free, upgrading from being almost not free at all. However, thanks to the new leadership listed above, things like political rights, civil liberties, and other freedoms, are sharply on the rise. The electoral processes for Burkina Faso have been reformed so that more of the population can vote than ever before, which allowed for an over 60 percent turnout for this past election. Political pluralism and participation is also on the rise. The country has new reestablishments of the rights to publically campaign and be heard to minority groups now that the country is powered by an actual government. In terms of Civil liberties, while they too are on the rise due to new rights in free speech, many media and other organizations still self-censor content, likely as a learned habit of past governmental situations. With Burkina Faso being a secular state, freedom of religion is also respected.

The Judicial process is still being worked upon by the government, but has been seeing a rise in the accusation of corrupt parties all throughout the country. Although transparency becoming more instituted in Burkina Faso, police in the country are still numb to discrimination that occurs, particularly toward people a part of the LGBT community, and those that have HIV.

Overall, Burkina Faso is experiencing an upward trend in its transformation into a democracy, and its rehabilitation after a 30-year regime.

http://www.systemicpeace.org/polity/bfo2.htm

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2016/burkina-faso

Part II (c)

Education has been present in Burkina Faso, but efforts to educate more children have been more and more successful since 2002, according to the Global Partnership for Education. Education for girls especially has been a focus for efforts. There has been an increase in gross enrollment rate “from 3.5% to 4% for preschool, 81.3% to 83.7% for primary school, and 36.7% to 40.2% in post primary school” according to the GPE. There has also been a higher success rate for students in getting their certificate for primary education.

These are all good and well, but there were still problems with school attendance in Burkina Faso due to the governmental uprisings and switching of hands. However, this has all subsided with the ease of new governmental leadership.

http://www.globalpartnership.org/country/burkina-faso

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